According to “civilizations systems theory” technological civilizations proceed to various general systems called system N, A, C, D, V, in order. After transition to a new system, the structure in society shifts, and the general output of the civilization increases.
- System N is a “natural” system that consists of nomadic hunters and gatherers.
- System A is an agricultural system in which the large majority of people are farmers.
- System C is an industrial system that is characterized by centralized industrial activity employing a large number of workers.
- System D is a digital system running on global decentralized information networks and utilizing a digital abundance economy.
- System V is the end state of civilization in which the focus is on sophisticated philosophical values and voluntary association of individuals, enabled by a hyper-efficient ultra-automated valuation economy.