Ok, now I get it: The dividends flow along the dividend pathways, but in the opposite direction as the initial transactions. And if you create a dividend pathway by making a transaction which includes transaction taxes you won’t get any part of those taxes back, but the taxes will be shared equally (unless the “tax return” for one person exceeds his dividend pathway) among the nodes of the web of consumption of the person you give the money, except for yourself.
Also, the dividends paid out reduce your dividend pathway by the amount that is paid out, so you cannot ever get more money back than you have spent, but you can in fact get back 100% if enough dividends accumulate. This system might be called a “transaction tax return system”, but you can get back all of what you have paid to one node, and not just the tax you have paid on that transaction!
Now I want to understand the incentive layer of the Resilience protocol.
How is the liquidity of a dividend pathway defined? Is every dividend pathway actually a pair (x BTC, y) of a volume x reduced over time by dividend returns and a tax rate y (which can change depending on the dividend pathways you create in the future)? Or does the system work differently?